Someone asked me this question by email.

I am fine with communication by email, but general interest questions I prefer to answer on a public forum.

I asked her to post on a video or somewhere else as a comment, but she disappeared:-)

So I am posting here myself, with my answer.


I am not sure what you are referring to.
Passover is a week long holiday, with the first and last days being especially holy. So the 2nd Passover might refer to that last day.

It might also refer to the second passover in history, one year to the date after the children of Israel left Egypt.

But it probably refers to “Pesach Sheni,” Second Passover, which occurs on the 14th day of Iyar, the second month, which is one month after the main holiday of Passover, that takes place on 14 Nissan.

In the Bible, all Children of Israel were commanded to partake of the Passover Sacrifice in Nissan, except for those with certain ritual impurities and those who are too distant from the Temple. People in this group were commanded to have a “do-over” Passover with that Sacrifice on 14 Iyar – Second Passover.

As usual, Wikipedia is your friend:


There you go!

If you have any further questions or comments on this post, please add them below!

And if you have any other questions, please ask them! And respond when I ask you to post them here or for permission to post them in your name:-)

12 thoughts on “Second Passover – What Is It?”

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    Do you believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God the Father and that he died for the sins of men?

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      Lori, truthfully, as an Orthodox Jew, it is clear that my beliefs are different that those of Christians on this point. But the Christians and Jews here are willing to accept each other with their differences, and focus on our commonalities. If you need an affirmative answer to your question before you can feel comfortable here, then this site is not for you. But we can part as friends!

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    I have been told that at the time of the end of Israel’s Temple period, early in the first century, that there were two Jewish traditions for setting the date for Passover. Is this true and what were the traditions?
    Thanks in advance.

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      Yes, you could say that. There was the standard accepted way and the Saducee/Beythus way, actually for setting the date of Pentecost, Shavuot. The Karaites explained the verse “and you shall count from the day after the Sabbath” (Lev. 23 16) as referring to the “Sabbath of Genesis,” that is, Saturday, while the traditional mainstream Jewish sages followed their oral tradition that it refers to the first holiday of Passover (literally the Festival of Matzot – Unleavened Bread). The Bible refers to holidays as Sabbath sometimes.

      The method of setting the date for Passover was by sighting of the new moon. Residents of Israel would sight the moon, and run to the court in Jerusalem where their testimonies would be checked and if accepted, that would be the first day of the month, and Passover would follow on the 15th. This system also became corrupted by troublemakers who lied in their testimonies and lit false fires for signaling the beginning of the month. So the decision was made to follow the scientific astronomical tables completely, which we do till this day, until the setting of the calendar will once again be done by sighting, one of the “renew our days as of old” (Lam 5, 21) prayed-for phenomena.

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    Since the instructions are given about the second Passover “if you are on a journey afar off” (from the temple), does that imply that Passover should not be done outside the temple? Otherwise wouldn’t the instructions have been to commemorate the Passover where you are? And if the instructions are to wait until you are back near the temple…….what is to be done now?

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      Jacquetta, thank you for your question, it is refreshing to hear people ask about now regarding the Temple service.

      Between the initial command of the Passover and the construction of the Temple by King Solomon, the commandment was fulfilled through the Mishkan, the moveable Tabernacle.

      Today, with no Temple or Tabernacle, we are exempt from fulfilling that commandment (actually, the whole group or commandments dealing with the Passover sacrifice, like the HUNDREDS of biblical commandments dealing with sacrifices and service of the Temple).

      We pray that the Temple will be rebuilt speedily in our days!

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    Margaret Makewell

    So would I be right in saying that Torah was given 50 days after Passover?
    If so, do you think there is any significance to the time frame?

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      Hi Margaret, Gidon may add more, but absolutely, the 50 days is written about extensively in the counting of the omer with Jews, and yes Moses received the Torah from God on Mt. Sinai on the same day the Jews received the H.S. on Pentecost.

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    Margaret Makewell

    That’s really interesting Bob, so many parallels here. God’s calendar is so precise.

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    Dear Gidon, would you please explain and elaborate on Lori’s question as regards Jesus/Yeshua as the Son of God and/or Messiah from the Orthodox point of view. And is this Orthodox Sadducee or Pharisee point of view.

    Thank you

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    first fruits is a count from when you passover. My first fruits is the 144th day of the year (10% of the prophetic time of fruit…4 years…1,440 days). From Iyyar 16/17 count 7 sabbaths…then add(number) 50 more days. This brings me to the end of AV or “full (2nd tax)” of Elul.

    This year is special in many ways…one being First Kings. This year many celebrated Pentecost before Pesach Sheni (2nd Passover). This is just like the crowning of Adonijah. He had fifty (days) run before him. King David wasn’t dead yet(he hadn’t passed over).

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